Guidelines to help eliminate bias in scholarly writing
This entry was posted in Academic Writing , on May 19 , 2020.
- Substitute gender-neutral words and phrases for gender biased words. A common mistake is the inadvertent use of sexist terms that are deeply entrenched in our culture , such as chairman instead of chairperson, mothering instead of parenting , and mankind instead of humankind.
- Use designations in parallel fashion to refer to men and women equally: “ 5 men and 14 women” , not “ 5 men and 14 females.”
- Do not assume that certain professors are gender related(e.g., “ a bright and a beautiful female professor “)
- Avoid gender- biased pronouns(e.g.,” A consultant may not always be able to see his clients”) . A few nonsexist alternative to this pervasive are to:
- Add the other gender: “ his or her clients”. This alternative should be used only occasionally because it can become cumbersome.It is, however,preferable to awkward constructions such as s/he,him/her, or he (she).
- Use plural form : “ Consultants …. their clients”.
- Delete the adjective”to see clients”.
- Rephrase the sentence to eliminate the pronoun:” Clients may not always be seen by their consultants”.
- Replace the masculine or feminine pronouns with one or you.
- Do not identify people by race or ethnic group unless it is relevant . It is relevant ,try to ascertain the currently most acceptable terms and use them.
- Avoid language that suggests evaluation or reinforces stereotypes. For example, referring to a group as culturally deprived is evaluative , and remarking that the “Afro-American students, not surprisingly , won athletic events athletic events” reinforces a stereotype.
- Do not make unsupported assumptions about various age groups (e.g., that the elderly are less intellectually able or are remarkable for continuing to work energetically ).